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Saturday, February 10, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Konerirajapuram Temple

Kulottunga

No. 691 (Page No. 479 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 646 of 1909)]

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District

South wall of the mandapa in the front of the same shrine.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Kulottungasoladeva I : Year (lost), Ishabha

(Vaikasi), su. 4, Saturday, Punarpusam=1074 A.D., May 3.  

This inscription is built in at both ends, and hence several particulars are lost.  It contains the prasasti of the king commencing with pugalmadu vilanga, etc.  

It records a gift of land, probably in the village of Tirunallam (details lost) after receiving 4 kasu from the temple of the same place, made by the sabhai of the place.  It is stated that the land was made tax-free and was intended to provide food to the Sri-maheswaras who attend the Tiruvadirai festival in the month of Margali and the Visakham festival in the month of Vaikasi.  It appears that the gift-land was granted under the name of Nalpattunalvar-vilagam after the sabhai of the place, and was handed over as madappuram to the tapsvi (ascetic) in the temple of the Tirunallamudaiyar named Tittai Vilumiyunana-pillai who and his progenies were required to feed the above-mentioned adiyars attending the festivals.  A number of persons figure as signatories.  

No. 693 (Page No. 481 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 647 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Sri-Kulottungacholadeva I : Year 49, Mesha

(Chittirai), su. 13, Wednesday, Uttiram=1119 A. D., March 26.  

This incomplete inscription is damaged in some places.  It contains the prasasti of the king commencing with pugalmadu vilanga, etc.

It records the decision of the government communicated to the Perumguri of Tirunallam, a Brahmadeyam in Vennadu in Puvalakulavalli-valanadu, through Sembiyadaraiyar working under Munaiyadaraiyar, that land and houses so such families of the village which had not paid the taxes for the 49th year and had left the village, should be reserved by the sabhai and should be sold to others.  It also records the sale of some such land and house (details lost). 

No. 695 (Page No. 484 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 649 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Rajakesarivarman Tribh alias Kulottungacholadeva I: Year 28=1097-98 A.D. 

This inscription is built in at the beginning and its continuation is missing.  So, several particulars are lost.  It contains the prasasti of the king commencing with pugalmadu vilanga, etc. 

It records a gift of 5 kasu by a certain Araiyan Valavandan of Tevur, in Tevur-nadu in Vijaiyarajendra-valanadu, to provide for food and other offerings during the night service to the metal (aloha-mayam) image of Umamahesvara set up by a certain persons (name lost), for the purpose of daily procession, in the temple of the god Tirunallumudaiya [......]

It is stated that the amount was received by several Sivabrahmanas of the temple who had agreed to render this services to the god for ever. 

No. 696 (Page No. 485 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 650 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Sri-Kulottungacholadeva I: Year 40,

 Ishabha (Vaikasi) su. 13 Monday, Hastam=1110 A. D., May 2. The tithi was su. 11, (Ekadasi). 

This continuation of the inscription at the end is not traceable.  It contains the prasasti of the king commencing with Pugalmadu vilanga, etc. 

It records a sale of land in their village by the mahasabhai of Pavaikkudi alias Nittavinodach-charuppedimangalam in Vennadu in Uyyakkondar-valanadu.  It is stated that the sabhai assembled in the Tirumer-koyilalvan temple at the village.  The land was sold to the temple of Tirunallamudaiyar of Tirunallam a Brahmadeyam, in the same nadu and valanadu.  The land was intended for feeding the Srimahesvaras attending the Tiruvadirai festival held in the month of Margali and the festival held in the month of Vaikasi in the temple. The land was given as iraiyili. 

No. 700 (Page No. 491 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 653 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Kulottungacholadev I : Year 47, Dhanus

(Margali) su. 1, Monday, Mulam=1117 A.D., November 26.  

This inscription is damaged in some places.  It contains the prasasti of the king beginning with.......puviyil ponnemi-yalavil, etc.  

It records a sale of land to the temple of Sri Kayilasamudaiyar of Tirunalam, a Brahmadesam, in Vennadu, by the Perumguri mahasabhai of Pavaikudi alias Nittavinodachcharuppedi-mangalam, a Brahmadesam in Vennadu in Uyyakkonda-valandu, who had assembled in the temple of Tirumerkoyilalvar of the place.  The land was of the extent of ½ nilam or 10 ma and each ma of land is stated to be of 100 kuli in area.  The price was 11 Anradu Narkasu.  It is further recorded that the devakanmis of the temple should cultivate the lands and use the yields to perform worship and to provide offerings to the god of the temple.  The land is stated to have been made tax-free.  Representatives of the sabhai and of the temple priests figure as signatories.  

No. 701 (Page No. 494 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 653-A of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.  

This record in characters of c. 12th century and in continuation of No. 700 above refers to the representatives of the sabhai and the temple priests who attested the sale of land executed in the one mentioned above.  

No. 706 (Page No. 496 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 658 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District

West wall of the Chandikesavara shrine in the same temple.

Chakravartin Sri-Kulottungacholadeva I : Year 15=1084-85 A.D.  

This inscription records that a certain Tittai Vilumiyan alias Pillai Adiyar caused this stone-temple of the god Chandesvaradevar to be built.  It also records that the same man was bowing at the feet of the deity.  It also states that this god Chandesvaradevar was worshiping the god Tirun alamudaiyar.  The two above-mentioned statements are perhaps each a label for a carving representing the respective scene on the stone-wall of the temple.  

No. 707 (Page No. 497 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 659 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District

East, north and west walls of the same shrine. Rajakesarivarman

alias Chakravartin Sri-Kulottungacholadeva I :  Year [8]=1077 A.D.  

This inscription is very much damaged and consequently several important details are lost.  It contains the prasasti of the king, commencing with Pugalnadu vilanga jaya-madu virumba, etc.  

It appears to record a gift of land by sale for 40 kasu in Tirunallam, by a person (details lost) to the temple of the god Tirunallamudaiyar f the same place, a Brahmadeyam, in [.......] in Uyyokkonda-[valanadu], for providing worship and offerings to the five images of deities (of whom the name of Kalyana-sundara alone is preserved) set up in the temple.  It appears that the temple Sivabrahmanas received the gift and had agreed to conduct the worship and services accordingly.  Mention is made of the groups of temple servants like the Srikariyamseyars, Srimahesvarakkankanis, Srikoyilavariyancheyvars the madapattiyamseyvars and the devakanmis and their representatives figure as signatories.  

No. 713 (Page No. 504 Volume 26)

(A. R. No. 662 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva III: Year 16, Mina (Panguni) ba. 1,

Wednesday, Hastam=1194 A. D., March 9.

This inscription is damaged in several places. It refers to the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the pandya’. 

 It records that the temple of the god Tirunalamudaiyar in Vennadu, in Uyyakkondar-valanadu, in the balustrade on the Southside of the Pugalabharana-mandapa, an image of the god Tiruvunaligai Vinayakappillaiyar was set up by a certain Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan alias Paramativakaran, of Tirunallam. It further records that the people (urar) of Pungudi alias Olaimangalattuppanavan-kundaiyur, a devadana, of the above-mentioned temple, and of Ilanalattur gifted away as iraiyili (tax-free) some lands in favour of the god Pillaiyar. Of these people, those of Ilanalattur gave a piece of land in their village as archchana-bogam to the same deity. Then the names of a number of signatories are given. It then records another gift of land made probably by the people of the other village, although its details are lost. 

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