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Wednesday, December 5, 2012


The Indian Analyst


 

Annual Reports


 

Contents

Index

Introduction

Contents

PART I.

Tours of the Superintendent 1937-1938

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D

Appendix E

Appendix F

Images

PART II.

Cavern with Brahni inscription at Malakonda

The Cholas of Renandu

The Kalinga Kings

The Eastern Chalukya

The Western Chalukyas

The Western Gangas

The Rashtrakutas

The Vaidumbas

The Pallavas

The Later Pallavas

The Cholas

The Pandyas

The Hoysalas

The Gandagopalas

The Yadavas

The Kakatiyas

The Reddi Chiefs

The Vijayanagar Kings

The Madura Nayakas

Miscellaneous

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

THE PANDYAS

built under order of the Pāṇḍya king. The Sundara-Pāṇḍya mentioned in this record may be identical with Jaṭāvarman Sundara-Pāṇḍya I whose benefactions to the Śriraṅgam temple are well known.

Tirunīrru Sundara-Pāṇḍya─
   47. Of the three records in the collection of another Sundara-Pāṇḍya who does not bear any distinguishing epithets (Nos. 77, 385 and 482), No. 77 is engraved high up on the north wall of the outermost prākāra of the Jambukēśvararam temple at Tiruvānaikkāval, along with the Pāṇḍya emblem of two carps and a goad sculptured near it. This inscription calls the wall ‘Tirunīrru-Sundara-Pāṇḍyantiru-māḷigai’, but in course of time, its con- nection with the Pāṇḍya name having been forgotten, the rampart is now known as ‘Vibhūti(tirunīrru)-prākāra’. Since the record belongs to the 14th century one of the Sundara-Pāṇḍyas who flourished in this century must have had the title of Tirunīrru Sundara-Pāṇḍya, which evidently indicates his strong leaning towards Śaivism. In this connection Śaivas were also known as Tirunīrru-Chōḷan (No. 312 of 1901 and No. 196 of 1901).

   The other record which comes from Kalumalam (No. 385) in the South Arcot district has probably to be assigned to Jaṭāvarman Sundara-Pāṇḍya III (accn. 1303 A. D.) and it refers to a gift made by Śōlakōnār in the days of Piḷḷai Mahābali-Vāṇarāyar. Chiefs with the dynastic title Mahābali-Vāṇarāyar and the appellation of ‘Piḷḷai’ or ‘Makkaṇāyanār’ figure in the reigns of (1) Māravar- man Kulaśēkhara (A. D. 1268) with the simple name of Piḷḷai Mahābali- Vāṇarāya (No. 357 of 1922), (2) Māravarman Vikrama-Pāṇḍya under the name of Vikrama-Pāṇḍya Mahābali-Vāṇarāya (No. 46 of 1922), (3) Jaṭāvarman Vīra- Pāṇḍya (A. D. 1296) under the name of Kulaśēkhara Mahābali-Vāṇarāya (No. 430 of 1907) and (4) Jaṭāvarman Sundara-Pāṇḍya III (A. D. 1303) with the name of Parākrama-Pāṇḍya Mahābali-Vāṇarāya (No. 104 of 1916). Their relationship with one another is not clear at present. Śōlakōn noticed in our record also figures in another epigraph of the same king (No. 580 of 1902).

Māravarman Vikrama-Pāṇḍya.
   48. In a fragmentary record (No. 436) of Vikrama-Pāṇḍya from Jambai n the South Arcot district, a certain Mahābali-Vāṇarāyar is mentioned as the mudali of the king. As an officer of this name occurs in a record of Māravarman Vikrama-Pāṇḍya (No. 46 of 1922) the king of the present record may be identified with

Maravarman Vīra-Pāṇḍya.
   49. There is a sigle record of Māravarman Vīra-Pāṇḍya in the collection (No. 360), dated in the 14th year and with astronomical details corresponding to A. D. 1347, October 15. It registers a gift of land by Pañchavarāyan Periyān alias Laṅkēśvaradēvan, a Kaikkōḷa resident of the street called Āvaṇavīdi-perunderuvu at Madura, for offerings and worship to the goddess Tāyilunalla-Nāchchiyār set up by him in the temple of Uḍaiyār Tirukkunramuḍaiya-Nāyanār at Kuñjaram in Paranūr-kurram.

Maravarman Kulasekhara.
   50. Of the 8 records of Māravarman Kulaśēkhara (Nos. 438 and 95 to 101), No. 438 from Jambai in the South Arcot district is to be assigned to the first king of the name (acc. 1268 A. D.), because of the high regnal year 39 given in it. This is a fragmentary inscription giving details of assessment to be collection in kind on different grades of cultivable land. Some records which come From Śrīraṅgam may be assigned to the later king whose date of accession was A. D. 1314, because they refer to Kōdaṇḍarāma-chaturvēdimaṅgalam which, as pointed out in the Epigraphical Report for 1936-37, was founded in the time of Jatāvarman Sundara-Pāṇḍya of accession date A. D. 1303. In No. 95, the king is wrongly styled a Jaṭāvarman instead of Māravarman. All these records refers to the sale of several bits of lands to the bhaṭṭas of Kōdaṇḍarāma-chaturvēdimaṅgalam by some Śrīvaishṇavas and Dāsanambis. From Dēviyandal in the South Arcot district comes a record of Kulaśēkhara (No. 391) without any distinguishing titles. Considering its palaeography which points to the 14th century, this inscription may be assigned to the same Kulaśēkhara-Pāṇḍya. This is a damaged inscription with the figure of a triśūḷa, a dog and a lamp engraved on its top.

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